Historic Presentation Essay. “An Architectural History of 97 Orchard Street” text knowledge required.

Each student will be required to read Biography of a Tenement House in New York City: An Architectural History of 97 Orchard Street by Andrew S. Dolkart and write a paper assessing the author’s use of historic research. This is a book review, not a bo ok report .

The review should be double – spaced, approximately three pages in length and critically assess the book ’s overall use of research methodology and physical evidence, as well as how the author made conclusions about the structure and used the rese arch for the building’s interpretation.

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Racism Essay

Required Sources:

Prompt: According to reformer/activist Ida B. Wells and Congressman George H. White, how did racism affect African Americans living in the U.S. and what did they accomplish in spite of this racism?

Directions:

  • • The two required primary sources must be cited in your paper so I know where the information that you are discussing came from. This is true for all papers; you must explain where you are getting your information from.
    • Consider the following questions when you are writing your essay. Who wrote the primary source and how did their social location (race, class, gender, sexuality, etc.) influence their writing and the argument they made in the primary source. There is always an argument of some kind in primary sources; some are more obvious than others.
    • Papers must be 1.5 pages in length and should follow standard formatting (typed, double-spaced, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, 1 inch margins).
    • Your paper must have:
    • An argument (prompt answer), which you underline and state at the beginning of your paper.
    • At least 3 cited examples from the primary sources to support or prove your argument.
    • An introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
    • DO NOT use outside research and do not plagiarize.

Checklist:

□ 1.5 page length, used standard formatting

□ Essay format: introduction, body paragraphs, conclusion

□ Clearly written, proofread, and spell-checked

□ Specifically answered all parts of the prompt

□ Underlined argument and supported it well with at least 3 pieces of evidence

□ Used all required sources and cited them correctly

□ Did not use outside research and did not plagiarize

PLEASE DO NOT USE OUTSIDE RESEARCH, ONLY USE THE 2 SOURCES LISTED

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week 6 forum post responses

In need of a 250 word response/discussion to each of the following forum posts. Agreement/disagreement/and/or continuing the discussion.

Original forum discussion/topic post is as follows:

Disruption in Memory

Disruption in memory can occur at different stages: retention, encoding, storage, or retrieval. Describe three factors that interfere in recall. Give examples of how this may be present in a person seeking medical treatment and how you would address the problem. Then, suggest two preventative treatments to address the issue. Lastly, include an example of a preventive treatment for disruption of memory that we have not covered in our readings and why or how it can be beneficial.

Forum post #1

Memory is such an important part of our everyday life and it really isn’t until we need to use it or we forget something that we realize just how important it is. As we take in our surroundings such as listening, seeing, smelling, touching, etc., we are taking this information and encoding it into our memory. However, sometimes there are interferences and this comes along with an interference in the actual processing of our memory and in the recalling or “remembering” of our memory. One of the videos in our lessons states that our memory is just a reconstruction or reproduction of past events in our lives (APUS, 2018). That means we contract the things around us but it is how we interpret it that it becomes constructed. As we take in information, we only take in a portion of that so if two people are watching a car drive by, I may take in that the car was a Subaru while the person next to me only took in that it was the color blue. We also have what is known as a proactive and retroactive interference. This means that there is either a disruption on our old memories and new information. (APUS, 2018). For instance, as I take in new information, old information becomes changed or as I take in new information it becomes changed by what I already have stored in my memory. Everything gets stored together which allows us to use certain things as cues for memory but can also interfere with storing and retrieving correct memory.

As far as retrieval goes, yes the interferences above can change that, as what we retrieved may become influenced by other information or events we have stored but can also be effected by misleading information. When we associate certain words or phrases with a memory, we tend to remember it differently. A play on words can effect our memory and how we remember the story happening, which can create false memories. When talking with a client, you could tell their memory has been effected by any confusion or distortions they may express. For instance, if they are speaking and begin to be confused on what they were saying or what actually happened then their memory can be considered fuzzy. Also, if they talk about something such as a birthday they attended where a fight broke out and the next time you relive it the story seems to be different from the first time, then you could tell they aren’t remembering effectively enough to retell the same event or feeling. To help with this a treatment or preventive measure could be daily challenges. This is that you could challenge them to write in a journal every day, to set reminders, to take 10 minutes of meditation or deep breathing, etc. These daily challenges can help them destress, provide clarity, give them something to focus on and all in which can help open up their positivity to take in or remember things around them.

Forum post #2

As the forum post states, disruption of memory can happen during each stage of memory. There are more memory disruptions in short-term memory than in long-term memory. However, memory disruption can continue to occur in long-term memory. A factor that contributes to this disruption is the frequency of retrieval. Memory interference is different among groups and individuals. In the stage of retrieval, there is a term called the “Retrieval Disruption Hypothesis” that explains disruption of memory in group settings. Although there are both benefits and drawbacks to recalling information while in group settings, it has been found that individuals in group settings tend to remember less than what they would normally be able to remember if they were to recall information on their own (Barber & Rajaram, 2011).

Factors that can interfere with recall include motivation, attention, and distraction. Motivation is an important factor that can interfere with memory recall. When there is little to no incentive, it would be more difficult for an individual to store information. Grades can be seen as a motivational factor for students. Most students genuinely care about their classes. Students must study and be able to retain information to do well on tests and other assignments. If students lack the motivation, their grades will probably be a reflection of this. The same concept can be applied in the workforce. Often times, employees must excel at and thoroughly understand their job to be eligible for a promotion. Promotions, like grades, are motivational factors. Attention, or lack of attention, can interfere with memory. We may think that we are great at multi-tasking, but when we do too many tasks at one time, our focus is spaced out and we miss important details. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and academic performance is a prime example of how distraction can interfere with recall. Individuals with ADHD have trouble paying attention and they often experience problems with academics because of their disorder.

In an individual who might be seeking medical treatment for recall issues, the therapist must first determine the cause. If the individual is having problems with recall due to a lack of motivation, the therapist could instruct the individual to find ways to make studying more enjoyable. By incorporating aspects of life that the individual appreciates, he or she may find memorization and recall to be less of a challenge. In the case of attention, doing less multi-tasking would allow the individual to remain focused on one area until they can move onto a new area. If ADHD is suspected, the individual would first need a diagnosis. From there, preventative treatments could include medications, if needed, and classroom/environment settings more appropriate for individuals with ADHD.

Other preventative treatments for disruption of memory could include a healthy diet as well as exercise. Most of us have heard of “brain foods”. These foods are supposed to increase our focus and improve our memory. We know that the foods we consume and the workouts that we perform impact our body, but food and exercise also impact our mind. When we eat junk food and live sedentary lifestyles, our brains do not perform at their optimal levels.

Forum post #3

Memory consists of many different components: the working memory, where information is briefly held while we sort through it; episodic memory, where we remember the events of our lives; and semantic memory, where we remember general facts and information. In order to recall information it must go through the process of encoding where we take in new information and relate it to past knowledge, then it is stored where it maintained for a period of time, and finally we must be able to retrieve it, when needed. Three factors that can interfere with our ability to recall information are fading, retroactive and proactive interference, and repression.

Fading occurs when information in our working memory is not being processed and is overwhelmed by new information coming in and being stored in the short-term memory, so it naturally fades away. Retroactive interference takes place in the long-term memory where previously learned information is confused with new and similar incoming information. Let’s say for example, a psychology student has just learned and memorized all of the components of classical conditioning, but then they start learning about operant conditioning and this causes them to struggle to recall information about classical conditioning. In proactive interference, the opposite is true. In the same example, the student would fail to recall the new information on operant conditioning due to what they had previously learned about classical conditioning. Finally, repression, or motivated forgetting, is a Freudian concept where one purposely tries to block memories. This can happen with children who have experienced trauma in their lives, and it can also occur with women who repress the pain that they went through in childbirth only to be surprised with how painful it is in second go around. I have also heard examples of high school students hating a particular teacher or theirs, and as a result not being able to remember what they have learned in that class.

A person seeking medical treatment for repressed memories would most likely experience some of the following techniques used by their therapist: hypnotism; relaxation training; guided imagery; free association; projective drawing; and dream analysis.

In my current job, I would be more likely to work with students who were having issues with fading and retroactive/proactive interference. Preventative treatments I would use when working with students would include strategies that would help them to more successfully store and recall information for quizzes and tests. Some techniques might include rehearsing information out loud a number of times, using cues to recall information such as acronyms, using mnemonic devices, and also imagery and visualization techniques to help them recall different facts, vocabulary, or math formulas.

With dementia and Alzheimer’s disease on the rise, there a number or preventative treatments that include medications as well as natural supplements. This is of particular interest to me as I have an 87 year old grandmother who is becoming more and more forgetful, and we suspect is beginning to experience dementia. We have looked into her taking natural supplements such as Vitamin B-12, folic acid, and ginkgo biloba, but she is a bit stubborn and has yet to take us up on it.

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Group assessment.

For this Assignment, (2-3 pages) describe the overall process of the group and your feelings about the group experience. The group experience overall was good. We communicated well and all assigments was completed on time.

Choose an evaluation method described by Toseland & Rivas (2017) or London (2007), and use it to evaluate your group (i.e., analysis of the product, group questionnaire).

Identify something you might have changed during this process and describe what you could have done differently.

Group Process Assignments should integrate course concepts related to group process. Assignments should demonstrate critical thought when applying course material to your group experience. Support ideas in your Assignment with APA citations from this week’s required resources.

Toseland, R. W., & Rivas, R. F. (2017). An introduction to group work practice (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

  • Chapter 13, “Ending the Group’s Work” (pp. 395-416)
  • Chapter 14, “Evaluation” (pp. 417-443)

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing [Vital Source e-reader].

  • “Working With Organizations: The Southeast Planning Group” (pp. 51–52)

London, M. (2007). Performance appraisal for groups: Models and methods for assessing group processes and outcomes for development and evaluation. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(3), 175–188.

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Psychology Question and Discussion Board

Read the story below and only answer the three questions (250 words) use the sources I provided.

1.Ask at least one question in response to an original peer post that you would like the author to explore further.

2. compare and contrast your respective thoughts regarding how sensory systems work and impact childhood development, and offer constructive criticism and recommendations on how to address and offer advice to parents.

3. Additionally, identify any insights you have gained as a result of reading the responses of others.

The story:

The human body is design of various systems to protect us from harmful bacterial infections and viruses. It is also designed to help us learn how to survive efficiently without causing harm to ourselves. One of the very first systems that reacts is our sensory system. Our sensory system is part of our nervous system. Our sensory system is made up different sensory receptors, neural pathways and parts of the brain that encode and decode messages that involve our sensory perception (National Geographic, 2011). There five main sense that our body functions off these is vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. When we enter the world outside of the whom, our body immediately reacts to the environment around them. For example, our bodies do use the muscle in our lungs to breath while inside the mother’s body. Once the infant is exposed to the outside world, the body immediately shocks the muscles in the lungs to react. This helps us as infants learn how to breathe correctly (National Geographic, 2011).

One of the first sensory systems that infants use is taste. Hours after birth the infant is ready for its very first feeding. This is when the infant first taste something new, the mother’s milk. There are almost 9,000 sensory receptors on an infant’s tongue alone. Therefore taste and touch are so popular among infants and toddlers. When our sensory receptors taste or touch a new object, it immediately travels through our nervous system into the brain sending a specific message (National Geographic, 2011). This message is then decoded from the brain and is then translated. The brain then sends the signal back down to the sensory receptors inform us of a human what the object or taste is. Our mind eventually will remember certain objects, tastes and smell through reinforcement. For example, as we continue to feed the infant breast milk, this will ultimately be coded into our hippocampus as a source of food. The pattern of sucking the fluid through the mother’s breast will also be code as well. The infant will then learn to receive milk he or she must suck the milk from their mothers’ breast to obtain food (National Geographic, 2011).

The next sensory system is hearing. This system immediately starts to react and is a big part of the infant’s development. As early as one month old our hearing is as clear as it will ever be. Our ear is constructed through sound waves that enter our eardrum. Ossicles are behind our eardrum and in turn, have small vibrations in response to the sound waves. The ossicles are the smallest bones in the body, but without them, we would be able to hear at all (National Geographic, 2011). The vibrations then enter the cochlea or inner ear. As mentioned above our ears are playing a huge role in our development. For example, around 8months to a one year of age, an infant starts to learn how to balance and walk. This process is through muscle development and the liquid that lies in our ears. In our ears, we have individual tubes. These tubes have liquid inside of them that allow us to learn how to balance. Once an infant masters the ability to balance he/she will be able to walk.

As an infant, our perception of the world changes over time. As early as one month we cannot see objects clear or with color. It is not until about two months children can see colors and shapes. At four months children can identify their mothers face. Around eight months children then have 20; 20 visions and can understand and identify objects. For example, in our eyes, we have what is called the retina. Inside the retina, the image we view is captured upside down, and then is passed to the rods and cones in our eyes. This message in sent to the occipital part of the brain where the image is then coded and decode to the correct format (right side up). The cons allow us to see color while the rods allow us to see things in the dark (National Geographic, 2011).

Smelling is another important sensory system, that plays a huge role in our development as a youth. The smells we inhibit travel through special nerves that are dangling inside our nose. These detect specific chemicals in the air and send a special message to our brain. These signals are then coded into smells. The taste of breast milk is transcribing through the tongue of the infant, but the smell of it will transcribe through the infant’s nose. Allowing the infant to be able to distinguish if he or she is drinking breast milk (National Geographic, 2011).

I am currently a mother of an 8-month-old infant myself. I find all this information very interesting as I am witnessing my son throw this stage of development now. I am grateful to know and understand what he is going through so that I can better assist him with his progress. Some of the different avenues I have taken to help my son with his development while keeping him safe are baby proofing around the house. This is very common and necessary as well. Young children even during the toddler and pre-school age are curious about different chemicals and objects that lie around the house. It is best to store away all cleaning products, sharp objects, and ropes or strings where children cannot reach. I have placed all my cleaning products in baskets inside my top shelves so that my son cannot go inside the floor cabinets and try to drink any of the liquids. Based on the information touch and taste are one of the most popular sensory systems. So be very cautious. I would also recommend buying outlet cover to block children from a place any objects inside the three-prong holes. I would also recommend purchasing a push- walker for children to use when learning to balance. My son is now learning how to balance. He feels confident to walk when he has an object hold on to, and this is where the push walker comes in handy. He can push the walker around the house and learn how to balance as well. My last recommendation would be to reinforcement with children. This could be teaching them how to eat, showing them their alphabet doesn’t matter. The old saying practice makes perfect is right. I practice with my son every day how to eat his food. I show him with my hands on how to place the food in his mouth. Now he is picking up the food with his hands and feeding himself.

Use the references below

Hansen, C. C., & Zambo, D. (2005). Piaget, Meet Lilly: Understanding Child Development through Picture Book Characters. Early Childhood Education Journal, 33(1), 39–45. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1007/….

Bahrick, L. E., Todd, J. T., & Soska, K. C. (2018). The Multisensory Attention Assessment Protocol (MAAP): Characterizing individual differences in multisensory attention skills in infants and children and relations with language and cognition. Developmental Psychology, 54(12), 2207–2225. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1037/… (Supplemental)

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Scandinavian films / INTRODUCTION TO NORDIC CINEMA.

This assignment is about Scandinavian films / INTRODUCTION TO NORDIC CINEMA.

Here is exact question :

Examine The Celebration ( directed by Thomas Vinterberg )and After the Wedding (directed by Susanne Bar ) as films that portray and critique Danish society, class, wealth, family structures, secrets, etc. How are these films similar to and different from each other?

Use biographical evidence as relevant to your arguments. In your essay, cite and engage with at least two of secondary course reading. Paraphrasing these writers ( versus reproducing exact quotation ) is ok. Write the most fully developed essay.

I provide some short reading that you should refer to, and you can also use other resources too.

this assignment is 3 single space page


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essay-comment on an academic article

  • Browse the internet or the electronic databases that the University gives access to,https://www.nbu.bg/en/library/electronic-resources/databases/in-alphabetical-order, for example Jstor (or search the internet cites which give access to academic content) and find an academic article in a referred academic journal with at least 10 citations (the number of citations is presented by google just under the article’s title in a google search) on one of the following topics or key-words : bureaucracy, organizations, institutions, rationality, values, ideology, norms, anomie, conformity/deviance, functional analysis (functionalism), classical sociology. A lot of PDF full text articles are freely available on the Internet, but you will have a far more rich choice using the databases.
    Give the correct references of the article.
  • Please read carefully the article and try first to well summarize its main idea and research question, before doing anything else.
  • Using font “Times new Roman”, line spacing 1single, and font size 12 please prepare a 1200-word essay (around 3 pages) trying to fulfill the following requirements:
  • What is the main idea and research question that the author/authors are trying to answer/prove? (300 words)
  • What is his/hers theoretical framework (300 words)?
  • What are the principle methods of argumentation? (research techniques, logical argumentation, types of evidence provided etc.) (200 words)
  • Is the author critique towards some theoretical perspectives or other authors and which one? (200 words)
  • Conclusion (200 words) Was the author convincing in his argumentation and what is the overall usefulness of his article? What is the main conclusion from your own perspective ?

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Case Study Analysis

Case Study: The Role of the Forensic Psychology Professional in Capital Punishment Sentencing

Mr. Fryer has a long history of psychiatric hospitalizations related to his diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia. His delusions revolve around the belief in uniformed spies who have been sent to execute him. He reports auditory and visual hallucinations when not on his medication. He was arrested for trespassing after he was found sleeping in the delivery shed of a warehouse.

During his stay in jail, he was put on antipsychotic medications, and he was released with time served after spending fifty-four days in the jail. Upon his release, he returned to live on the streets and stopped taking his medications. While sleeping on a park’s bench, he was assaulted by several youths, who hit and kicked him. Although his assailants left him on the ground with no serious injuries, Mr. Fryer was convinced that the juveniles who assaulted him were spies who would return to assassinate him.

He found a seventeen-inch pipe to use as a defensive weapon, and, fearing for his life, he hid in the shadows the remainder of the evening. In the morning, he saw two uniformed youths approaching him. A twelve-year-old boy and his fourteen-year-old brother were on their way to a Boy Scout meeting. Mr. Fryer ran up behind the boys and started swinging the pipe wildly, screaming they would never take him alive. He struck the twelve-year-old boy on the head, causing him severe brain trauma. The fourteen-year-old boy was able to flee but only after receiving a blow on the face. Mr. Fryer returned to the twelve-year-old boy and bludgeoned him to death.

He was still hitting the lifeless body when the police arrived. As soon as the police car pulled up, he dropped the pipe and sat in silence as he was subdued. He was determined by the court to be not competent to stand trial and was committed to a state hospital for restoration of competence. After eight months of pharmacological treatment, he was determined by the court to be competent to stand trial and was subsequently tried and convicted of capital murder.

The following are the mitigating circumstances in this case:

  • At the time of the offense, Mr. Fryer was under extreme emotional and mental distress.
  • At the time of the offense, Mr. Fryer was substantially unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his act or conform his actions to the requirements of the law.

The following are the aggravating circumstances in this case:

  • The crime was committed in a wanton, atrocious, and cruel manner.
  • Mr. Fryer is likely to commit criminal acts in the future.

Tasks:

Respond to the following points in a minimum of 250 words:

  • You are hired by the defense to assist in the sentencing phase. Analyze the case study and address the following:
    • How should you proceed? Provide reasons to support your answer.
    • What roles do the mitigating and aggravating circumstances play in capital sentencing?
    • What issues will you address as a forensic psychology professional?
    • How will you support your opinion in front of the court? Provide examples and references.
    • How would you prepare for direct examinations and cross-examinations?

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Need help writing a term paper

My course is Film and TV Appreciation, so kinda connect it to it.

I need to write a 2 page thesis paper, However, I need to pick a topic and i thought if u are going to write it. You might as well pick what fits you better. However, it needs to match to the topics I have in my class
fandom and cinephilia,
new TV genres,
revolutionary discourses, social movements,
New German Cinema, social pressure
time-based narrative experiments, Southeast Asian cinema, British heritage cinema, film festival circuit
cinesthetic subject, bodily responses to film, affect, atemporal cinema, failure, loss, desire
post-colonialism, cinema realism, symbolism, collective non-memory, racism, guilt, class privilege, traumafeminist film, auterist film-making, Rive Gauche cinema movement,
sexual/gender politics, hyperrealism, experimental editing, digital film

nostalgia as paratext and meta-paratext, dream realities, soundtrack, fandom, affect, reception

After u finish it, i will need you again for once he graded it so you can do any corrections so we can improve it

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why there are achievement gaps between different groups of students.

This assignment is a 2.5 page assignment that is based on discussing the reasons behind the existence of achievement gaps between different groups of students, and the discussion must be backed up information and evidences from the THREE READINGS attached below. Here is the exact prompt of the paper

PROMPT: “Imagine you are sitting in your favorite cafe or restaurant with three of our course authors. You have decided to meet to discuss why there are achievement gaps between different groups of students. Write a 2.5-3 page discussion (you will have to be very concise) wherein each of you (including you) discuss the reasons for achievement gaps. You must choose Ogbu (1987), Foley (2004), and Gorski as the authors sitting with you in the cafe, and use their papers to write this paper. You must put quotation marks around any direct quotes and list the page number. You must also include an APA formatted reference list after the body of the paper. The reference list is not included in your 2.5-3 pages total page count.”

To make the process easier for you, one of the readings attached below (GORSKI) I have looked into already. Gorski agues that a lot of schooling systems follow the grit and deficit ideologies (explanation of each is found in the paper), which contributes to increasing the gap of achievements between different types of students (specifically students who live in poverty and others who dont).

The other two papers I have not read, please read the papers and assume while writing my paper that those three authors are sitting with me in a coffee shop and each discussing his point of view (as shown in their paper), also, feel free to discuss my point of view (since assumingely i am sitting with the authors in the cafe and discussing with them). You can make up my point of view, HOWEVER, the three authors’ points of view HAVE to be obtained from their readings, and you can also use their readings as an inspiration for my point of view.

THIS PAPER IS SUPER IMPORTANT AS IT IS WORTH MANY POINTS

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