Please provide detailed description of the following terms with examples and diagrams wherever necessary:

a) Indian Subcontinental migration;

b) Normal and Reverse Fault;

c) Continental Hot Spots;

d) Causes of Earthquakes;

e) San Andreas Fault;

f) P & S Waves; and

g) Global Warming


In your own words, define what is weathering. Describe the two types of weathering seen on Earth and provide examples of these two types in details.


What is groundwater? How is it formed and accumulate underground? Define: aquifers, artesian wells, water table, emergent springs;


Describe what Karst topography is and the features that are associated with it. Where would you most likely find sink-holes related to Karst topography and why?

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