This essay should be substantial and thorough, one page (minimum), if you can adequately answer the questions in that length.
The essay answers should consist of three main parts: an introduction paragraph should be a paragraph long and explain in brief your answer to the question, main body (at least three paragraphs up to however many paragraphs it takes), and a conclusion paragraph (restating your argument).
Be sure to answer all the questions fully and please be specific in your answers, answering the Who, What When, Where and HOW this impacted society at that time.
Discuss the specific doctrinal and political issues that led to the Protestant Reformation. How did the Catholic Church respond to the Reformation?