Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting

I’m international student, therefore don’t use complicated words.


Read this link   Focus on summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting.  Look at the whole presentation.

Also look at this link:

Now, take the information you’ve learned, and post 3 short essays that you write in the discussion board as ONE POST (one thread that you create), not three separate posts.  (No attachments, just put it straight in via typing or copying/pasting your own work.)


A.  Read this essay by Beth Brophy on TV viewing.

In one thread that you create:

B.  Type up a small summary of the original piece.  Label it:  Summary.

C.  Type up a paraphrase of the original  piece.  Label it:  Paraphrase.

D.  Now write your own opinion piece on TV viewing by children Give it an original title.  Use quotes from the original in your piece to support or counter your claim.  You may use quotes from other sources, but know that you will then have to include a citation for those sources also.

Make sure you use signal phrases to mention author/authority.   Don’t leave any quotes dangling alone– tie them into a signal phrase of some sort.  Integrate your quotes.  Cite the experts.

E.  When you have finished this, read the posts of 3 other classmates and give them feedback by hitting reply.  As always, put “by author” in the subject line.  In your reply, write, “Dear Name of the Writer,” and make sure to sign off, “Your classmate.”  

When you give them feedback, keep the following in mind:  How well did they do on the summary vs. paraphrase vs. quoted piece?  What was strong?  What needs work?  What did they do that you wish you had done?

F.  For any outstanding posts, please rate them using the Blackboard tool.

G.  Create a thread.  Post your work with the three elements and your three comments on the work of your peers before 11:59 p.m. on February 19th.  Post your piece by Tuesday night at midnightso that everyone can post their comments on the work of three others by Wednesday night at midnight. 

  (IF you do not do all the elements, you will receive NO points because Bboard will not alert me until all elements (one post from you, comments on the posts of three others) are completed.

Unplug the Television, by Beth Brophy

            Consider these statistics from the Center for Screen Time Awareness, founded in 1994, to warn about the evils of excessive tube time: The average child watches 1,680 minutes of TV per week. The average student spends 1,500 hours watching TV versus 900 hours in school. And the number of 30-second commercials seen in a year by an average child is 20,000.
            “Television is a great enabler,” says Robert Kesten, the center’s executive director. It enables us to be sedentary, to buy unhealthy food products, and our kids to watch bad role models.” For the past two or three years, Kesten’s kids, now 12 and 13, can’t watch TV from Monday to Friday and are restricted to two hours per day on the weekends. Their grades have gone up, and they read and run around outside more than they used to, he says.
            Brent Bozell, president of Parents Television Council, a group that advocates decency in entertainment, favors not completely unplugging the TV but limiting and monitoring instead, as he did for his five children, whose ages now range from 9 to 28. “It takes a herculean effort, but if you involve your child in an activity with you or with another person, instead of sitting passively in front of the TV, the child will develop better,” he says. Bozell’s a fan of substituting board games, cards, and musical instruments.
            Alternative activities to watching TV also can include after-school clubs, family walks, puzzles, organizing a photo album, drawing, the children reading to each other, and learning a foreign language. On weekends, ask your child to be your exercise partner, invite family over, or do a community service project.

            Kesten warns that it’s not so easy to turn the TV off, and parents should steel themselves for complaints. To be fair, he doesn’t work on his computer until after his sons go to bed. Now, a few years later, everyone has adjusted so well that his sons often don’t even use up their allotted two hours of TV on the weekends.

Work Cited

Brophy, Beth. “Unplug the Television.” U.S. News & World Report 141.24 (2006): 75. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Apr. 2010.



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